The Swedish Chemicals Agency's guidance documents on national chemicals control for other countries
The Swedish Chemicals Agency has developed guidance documents on various areas that are important for the development of a national chemicals control. The purpose is to support other countries who want to develop their chemical control.
The documents should be read as a supplement the so called LIRA guidance on legislation, institutional structures and funding for preventive chemical control that was produced by the UN Environmental Programme (UNEP) in collaboration with the Swedish Chemicals Agency.
The documents are in English and are included in the guidance series "Guidance on national chemicals control for other countries".
Control of chemicals placed on the market
This short document presents the benefits of a preventive chemicals control and the disadvantages of the lack of such. It also describes how the preventive chemicals control relates to the various stages of the life cycle of chemicals.
Sustainable financing of institutional capacity for chemicals management
The purpose of this guidance document is to give support to low and middle income countries that want to establish a sustainable financing for institutional capacity and for other tasks directly linked to preventive chemicals control.
Risk reduction of chemicals
The guidance document on risk reduction of chemicals is about risk mitigation as part of an effective system for chemicals management, and can support countries that want to introduce and develop national chemicals control. The document focuses on preventive chemicals control, and addresses various methods to reduce the risks of chemical substances in chemical products and articles.
Legislation on chemicals placed on the market
A national legal framework is central to a functioning chemicals control. This guidance document focuses on how countries can establish such a framework, focusing on legislation for preventive chemicals control concerning placing on the market of chemicals.
Enforcement of legislation on chemicals placed on the market
The document provides guidance to other countries on how to set up an efficient system for the enforcement of chemicals placed on the market. Placing on the market takes place in the country, and the guidance focuses therefor on market surveillance rather than control at the border. An important part of enforcement is inspections, and in particular of producers and importers. Inspection of retailers is also included in the guidance, which also contains practical advice on how to control classification, labelling and safety data sheets.
Access to information on primary suppliers and chemicals on the market
The aim of this document is to give guidance to countries (governments and authorities) in their efforts to set up an efficient system for the sound management of chemicals with a special focus on how to find information on companies producing and/or importing chemicals on the domestic market as well as identifying those chemicals. This information is needed, for instance, in the development, implementation, and enforcement of legislation and in giving targeted information to companies as well as for possible systems for cost recovery.
Hazard and risk assessment and risk reduction of pesticides
The aim of this guidance is to provide an overview of procedures and measures for hazard and risk assessment and risk management of pesticides, with a special focus on so called Highly Hazardous Pesticides. The purpose is to help authorities to take regulatory actions to reduce the negative impact of pesticide use on people's health and the environment. The guidance is based on the approach of using information and assessments generated by authorities in other countries or by international agencies.
Upcoming guidance documents
The Swedish Chemicals Agency is developing additional guidance, that will be published on this website as soon as finalised. The guidance will cover the following area:
- Guidance on Hazard Assessment and Risk Assessment of Chemicals – an introduction
Practical guidance on how to access information about pesticides
The Swedish Chemicals Agency has also produced a guidance document on how to find information on plant protection products and active substances that have been assessed within the framework of the EU regulation.
Guidance from international organisations
Several international organisations have also developed documents and tools for guidance to support the establishment and development of preventive chemicals control. The Swedish Chemicals Agency has contributed to the development of some of these documents and tools.
UN Environment Series on chemicals control
The United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment) has developed a publication series on chemicals control. These documents have been developed with the aim to assist governments towards establishing or improving their chemicals control.
Argument for and guidance on chemicals control
Four documents in the series are published in 2019 and complement the LIRA Guidance (see below). They consists of an information document with arguments for establishing chemicals control and three guidance documents. The guidance documents offer suggestions on structure and funding a national authority, on risk reduction tools and on enforcement.
LIRA Guidance - Legislation, institutional infrastructure and financing
This guidance document, published in 2015, is known as the LIRA Guidance (Legal and Institutional infrastructures and measures for Recovering costs of national Administrations). It aims to provide practical support for strengthening national legislation and institutional set-ups for chemicals management. It includes proposals for measures for financing necessary administration activities in this regard.
Read the guidance from UN Environment (UNEP) "Legal and Institutional infrastructures for the sound management of chemicals and measures for Recovering the costs of national Administration” (LIRA guidance)
Integration of Sound management of chemicals into development planning
International code of conduct on Pesticide management
FAO Pesticide Registration Toolkit
The FAO Pesticide Registration Toolkit is a decision support system for pesticide registrars in developing countries. It aims to assist registrars in the evaluation and authorisation of pesticides.
The Inter-Organization Programme for the Sound Management of Chemicals (IOMC) consists of organisations that cooperates within the field of chemicals and SAICM. IOMC have a platform called the IOMC Toolbox, where guidance and tools relating to different aspects of chemical management are presented (e.g. the LIRA Guidance). The toolbox can be used by countries that want to develop their chemicals control.