Chemical substances and materials


Everything around us consist of chemical substances and often chemicals are used as additives when manufacturing different materials. Some chemicals can cause serious damage to human health and the environment. Here we have gathered information about some substances and materials that can be harmful if used incorrectly.


PFAS, Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances, is a large and complex group of over 10000 identified substances with varying properties that are widely used in society. One thing that all PFAS have in common is that they are very difficult to break down. Some PFAS are harmful to both the environment and human health. All PFAS are man-made synthetics that do not occur naturally in the environment.

Read more about PFAS.


Mercury is one of the most hazardous environmental toxins and constitutes a threat to both the environment and human health.

Read more about mercury

Endocrine disrupting substances

Certain substances can affect the body's hormone system and have adverse effects. Such substances may be found in items such as plastics and pesticides.

Read more about endocrine disrupting substances

Combination effects of chemicals

Humans and the environment are constantly being exposed to many different chemicals. We know that chemical substances can interact in such a way as to greatly increase risk.

Read more about the combination effect of chemicals

Liquids for e-cigarettes

Liquids for e-cigarettes, also known as e-liquids, are chemical products covered by several different legislations. Both e-liquids containing nicotine and e-liquids without nicotine are covered by rules, that may apply to you as a manufacturer, importer or distributor.

Read more about rules for liquids for e-cigarettes

Substitution of hazardous substances

Substitution means eliminating or replacing hazardous chemicals in products with less hazardous or non-chemical alternatives. The aim of substitution is to make products safer in terms of both human health and the environment.

Read more about substitution of hazardous substances

PRIO - a tool for substitution

If you want to work with risk reduction of chemicals in your company's products, you can get help from PRIO. PRIO gives you knowledge about how you can assess which substances can be harmful to health and the environment. You also get a number of examples of substances that you should prioritize to get rid of.

Go to PRIO

Last published 10 January 2023