The Stockholm Convention contains provisions on persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and is a global convention with the aim to protect human health and the environment. Every country that is a party to the Convention shall develop, implement and update a national implementation plan.
POPs – persistent organic pollutants
The Stockholm Convention contains provisions on persistent organic pollutants (POPs) with considerable negative health and environmental properties. The convention aims at protecting human health and the environment, and is currently covering 28 substances.
The following POPs substances are regulated by the Stockholm Convention:
- Decabromdiphenyl ether – flame retardant (2017)
- Short-chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCPs) (2017)
- Hexachlorobutadiene (HCBD) (2015)
- Polychlorinated naphthalenes (PCNs) (2015)
- Pentachlorphenol (PCP) - pesticide (2015)
- Hexabromocyclododecane (HBCDD) – flame retardant in insulation plastics, electronics and textiles (2013)
- Endosulfan – used as a pesticide (2011)
- Hexabromodiphenyl ether and heptabromodiphenyl ether – flame retardant (2009)
- Tetrabromodiphenyl ether and pentabromodiphenyl ether – flame retardant (2009)
- Chlordecone – previously used as a pesticide
- Hexabromobiphenyl (HBB) – previously used as a flame retardant (2009)
- Lindane – insecticide that is still used in some countries for treatment against head lice and scabies (2009)
- Alpha and Beta hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) – previously used as pesticides, currently they are being produced as unintentional by-product of lindane (2009)
- Pentachlorobenzene – previously used as a flame retardant among other things, currently it is produced unintentionally during certain combustion (2009)
- Perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS) – is still produced and used e.g. in hydraulic fluids, electronic products, fire fighting foam, in the photo and metal industry (2009)
- Aldrin, Chlordane, DDT, Dieldrin, Endrin, Heptachlor, Mirex, Toxaphene, Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB), Hexachlorobenzene (HCB), Polychlorinated dioxines (PCDD), Furans (PCDF), all 2004.
Sweden's implementation plan for the Stockholm Convention
Parties to the Stockholm Convention shall develop, implement and update national implementation plans to limit or eliminate production, use and releases of persistent organic pollutants. Since 2006, Sweden has such an implementation plan that describe the situation in Sweden, identifies ongoing measures and presents strategies for future work.
In March 2018, the Government Offices submitted the latest update to the Convention Secretariat. The update has been made by the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency in cooperation with the Swedish Chemicals Agency and the Swedish Agency for Marine and Water Management. The plan shows that the main concerns for Sweden related to persistent organic pollutants, are dioxins, PCB, PFOS and other PFAS.