During 2004, the Swedish Agency for Economic and Regional Growth performed studies on how the introduction of the new chemicals legislation REACH would influence Swedish industry. Statistics Sweden and KemI were charged with the task to estimate how many companies that would be concerned by the obligation to register substances manufactured in or imported to EU from third countries in more than 1 tonne.
According to the Customs, 2,318 companies imported chemicals from outside the EU during 2002. The obligation to report to the products register starts at import of 0,1 tonne and of the 2,318 companies, 698 had submitted a product report to the products register.
According to the products register, these 698 companies imported products containing about 8,300 substances. This includes also substances contained in products from other EU-countries, which most likely is the main part. The obligation to register according to REACH starts when the quantity of a particular substance exceeds 1 tonne for a single importing or manufacturing company.
The table below shows the number of Swedish companies that import or manufacture a substance within the different quantity intervals that rule the registration obligations to be fulfilled according to REACH. It should be observed that a company in a certain sector could have substances in all quantity intervals and, thus, appear five times in a row at most. The same substance can also be contained in the different quantity intervals but from different companies or in different sectors. No difference has been made whether the substance quantity is in full or in part from inside or outside the EU. It is therefore not possible to summarize rows or columns, except for giving a rough estimate of the proportions. Thus, the number of companies is overestimated.
|Sector||<1 tonne||1-10 tonnes||10-100 tonnes||100-1000 tonnes||>1000 tonnes|
|Construction, wholesale and retail trade||294||215||147||97||37|
|Wood, paper and graphic industry, refineries||28||22||17||17||24|
|Industry for non-metals and mineral products||21||18||16||12||10|
|Manufacture of machinery||27||17||13||4||1|
|Rubber and plastic industry||22||13||11||10||3|
|Agriculture, mining, food industry||12||9||8||7||4|
|Steel and metal production||11||10||9||5||5|
|Metal ware industry||16||9||8||6||1|
|Manufacture of office machines and computers||14||12||6||4||0|
|Education and other community services||15||6||4||2||2|
|Group not reported to Statistics Sweden||12||7||4||2||0|
|Manufacture of transport equipment||10||8||4||2||0|
|Remaining manufacturing sectors, electricity, hot water supply||7||5||4||1||1|
|Manufacturing of precision instruments||6||2||1||1||1|
|Manufacture of tele communication equipment||5||2||2||0||0|
|Manufacture of textile, textile and leather ware||4||1||1||1||0|
Source: Products Register, Swedish Chemicals Agnecy, 2002.
Trading and chemical companies will be the companies in Sweden that will be most affected by the duty to report if they import from a country outside the EU. Also in other sectors there may be companies that import single substances or mixtures in such quantities that they have to be reported.
In addition, about 60 Swedish manufacturers of substances will have to report their substances.