PRIO – A tool for Risk Reduction of Chemicals

PRIO and Reach

Reach stands for Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals.

Reach is a regulation of the European Union (EU) that replaces large parts of the chemical legislations that were in function before 1 June 2007 in the EU and in Sweden. The rules of this regulation must therefore be applied directly by companies, without being translated into Swedish regulations. The Regulation came into force throughout the entire EU on 1 June 2007, but the Reach requirements will begin to be applied in stages.

Reach is based on the principle that it is manufacturers, importers and downstream users who bear the responsibility for ensuring that the substances they manufacture, release into the market or use do not have harmful effects on health and the environment. Reach mainly applies to chemical products, i.e. substances and preparations. Registration requirements apply, for example to those who manufacture chemical substances or those who import chemical substances and preparations.

Reach contains requirements for users of chemicals that do not have any equivalents in the earlier legislation. A number of new requirements are also placed on those who handle articles that contain chemicals.

New requirements are set so that those who handle chemicals must obtain data concerning the properties of chemicals and assess the risks. A new authorisation procedure is introduced for chemicals that have serious health and environmental consequences. The European Chemicals Agency, Echa, has set up a Candidate List with substances that may become subject to authorisation.

The criteria in PRIO for substances that are to be phased out are in line with the characteristics of substances assumed by Reach to be particularly hazardous. It is therefore possible to search in PRIO to obtain an appreciation of which substances in the future may become subject to authorisation within Reach. PRIO can also be used as an aid and knowledge source before the work on, for example, registration of substances, applications for permission to use substances, and when a chemicals safety report is to be produced.

Read more about Reach.