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Swedish inspection of biological pesticides

News 3/19/2014

In 2013, the Swedish Chemicals Agency inspected biological pesticides containing microorganisms.

The inspections concerned labelling and packaging, if the companies that put products on the market had reported to the Swedish Chemicals Agency Products Register and if their advertising indicated that the products should be used with caution.

One case was reported to the prosecutor, i.e. a biocidal product sold without the special label with instructions for how the product should be used. Other deficiencies found were some cases of missing data on the label and that several companies had failed to report to the Products Register. The article in the Plant Protection Products Regulation which states that advertising must indicate that the product should be used with caution was not known at all.

Inspected companies have corrected their errors in connection with inspections.

Conclusions

Biological pesticides should only be marked with special labelling according to the

  • Regulation (EU) No 1107/2009 on Plant Protection Products, or
  • Regulation (EU) No 582/ 2012 on Biocidal Products.

Products labelled in accordance with Directive 91/414/EEC may continue to be marketed until 14 June 2015.

Labelling according to the Swedish Chemical Agency´s Classification and Labelling Regulations (KIFS 2005:7) only applies to chemical products and chemical pesticides, not to biological pesticides.

Safety Data Sheet are needed only for chemical products and chemical pesticides, not biological pesticides, according to Regulation (EU ) No 1907/2006, Article 31 and Annex 2.

Manufacturers or the company responsible for importing chemical products and biotechnical organisms to Sweden must notify the Swedish Chemicals Agency’s Products Register. Companies packaging, repacking or renaming chemical products or biotechnical organisms must also report it to the Product Register. This obligation applies both import from EU countries and from countries outside the EU (see Section 4 of the Chemical Products and Biotechnical Organisms Ordinance (2008:245) and Chap. 3 of the Swedish Chemicals Agency´s Chemical Products and Biotechnical Organisms Regulations (KIFS 2008:2).

Biological pesticides

Biotechnical organisms are living microorganisms (bacteria, viruses or fungi) or macro organisms (nematodes, insects or arachnids). These bio-pesticides are the pest 's natural enemies.

The interest in biological control has grown with the increase of environmental awareness. Biological pesticides are mainly used in cultivation in greenhouses. They are often used together with chemical pesticides. There are both products for professional use and for consumers. Biological pesticides must be approved by the Swedish Chemicals Agency before used and sold in Sweden.

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