Ongoing development cooperation
Regional cooperation in South-East Asia
Since 2007, the Swedish Chemicals Agency has been managing a regional cooperation programme in South-East Asia together with Cambodia, China, Laos, Myanmar (Burma), Thailand and Vietnam. The programme “Towards a non-toxic South-East Asia” had the overall aim to contribute to reduced health and environmental risks from chemical through better management of chemicals and a sustainable agricultural production. These efforts has included educating farmers and developing new agricultural methods, together with measures to introduce biological diversity and chemicals safety in the school curriculum, and establishing legislation and improving enforcement. The programme is a part of the Swedish Chemicals Agency’s development cooperation and was conducted with support from Sida.
Bilateral cooperation with Serbia
The Swedish Chemicals Agency is since 2008 cooperating with the Ministry for Environmental Protection in Serbia, to establish chemicals control, develop the role and capacity of the authority and prepare the country for EU membership. The programme is a part of the Swedish Chemical’s Agency´s development cooperation and is supported by Sida.
Bilateral cooperation with Zambia
An agreement was reached with Sida in December last year regarding an inception phase to develop a project plan for a 5-year development cooperation project between ZEMA and KemI. The proposed intervention aims at reducing the risks to human and animal health and the environment from the use of chemicals by supporting the implementation of new and subsidiary chemicals legislation in Zambia. The programme is a part of the Swedish Chemicals Agency’s development cooperation and is supported from Sida.
Other ongoing bilateral cooperation
The government has allocated funds for bilateral cooperation with countries having significant impact on the global environment and/or the global environment and climate cooperation. Four Swedish authorities are participating in the bilateral cooperation projects: the Swedish Chemicals Agency, the Swedish Agency for Marine and Water management (HaV), the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency and the Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute (SMHI). The Swedish Environmental Protection Agency is deciding about the distribution of funds.
The Swedish Chemicals Agency is currently cooperating with Brazil, Indonesia, South Africa, Republic of Korea, Vietnam and Argentina.
Several of the countries that we are cooperating with are now at a stage where they are developing new legislation or strategies for their chemicals control. We have conducted workshops for experts on ministries and authorities with the emphasis on giving advice on the structure and contents of the legislation and more specific topics such as register for chemicals, registration of pesticides, risk assessment and risk management and enforcement issues.
The activities are often linked to international conventions and agreements. We conduct seminars or arrange study visits in Sweden together with several of the countries, with the aim of sharing experiences of phasing out substances covered by the Stockholm Convention. There are similar activities regarding restriction of mercury in accordance with the Minamata Convention. We also have activities that contribute to the implementation of the global chemicals strategy. Sweden has been a driving force in the global process to increase information on the presence of hazardous substances in products, and this is a theme that is reflected in our contacts with countries that are major producers of chemicals and articles that are placed on the global market.
The Swedish Chemicals Agency has since the 1990s been cooperating with other countries regarding chemicals control. There have been different forms of cooperation with different types of financing, as described below.
Some cooperation with other countries have been part of the Swedish development cooperation (development aid), conducted with funding from Sida. Apart from the countries listed below, the Swedish Chemicals Agency has also had some minor cooperation with other countries within the frame of the global programme.
The Swedish Chemicals Agency has also cooperated with some countries within the frame of so called EU Twinning projects, funded by the EU. In these projects, authorities in EU member states are sharing knowledge and experiences with institutions in countries outside EU. The aim is to give support in their work to fulfil the criteria of EU membership or to facilitate cooperation between EU and the receiving country. The EU Twinning projects have been conducted with complementary funding from Sida.
EU can also fund more limited activities, to provide fast and efficient technical assistance. This instrument for support is called Technical Assistance Information Exchange (TAIEX). The aim is to contribute to the harmonisation with EU legislation in the EU Candidate countries and potential candidate countries, and an exchange of knowledge between the member states of EU and the EU neighbouring countries. TAIEX projects have been conducted with the complementary funding from Sida.
|Country||Type of cooperation/funding|
TAIEX, 2014-2015, with complementary funding from Sida; pilot study concerning possible bilateral cooperation with funding from Sida, 2018
|Bosnia-Herzegovina||TAIEX, 2016, with complementary funding from Sida|
|Estonia||Bilateral cooperation together with the Swedish EPA, with funding from Sida (EU approximation), 1998-2001|
|Latvia||Bilateral cooperation together with the Swedish EPA, with funding from Sida (EU approximation), 1998-2001|
|Lithuania||Bilateral cooperation together with the Swedish EPA, with funding from Sida (EU approximation), 1998-2001|
|China||Bilateral cooperation together with the Swedish EPA, with funding from Sida, 2007-2013|
|Croatia||EU Twinning together with Italy, 2010-2012|
|Macedonia||Bilateral cooperation with funding from Sida, 2006-2010|
|Poland||EU Twinning, 2002-2004|
|Tanzania||Pilot project within the frame of a previous Global programme with funding from Sida, 2007-2010|
|Tunisia||EU Twinning together with Austria and France, 2012-2014|
|Hungary||EU Twinning together with the United Kingdom, 2000-2001|
Bilateral cooperation together with the Swedish EPA, with funding from the Ministry of Environment, 2012-2014
|Vietnam||Bilateral cooperation together with the Swedish EPA with funding from Sida, 2005-2009; cooperation with funding from Sida, 2011-2013|