The Swedish Chemicals Agency logo
The Swedish Chemicals Agency logo

A genetically modified organism (GMO) is changed in the genepool in a way which cannot occur naturally. All activities regarding genetically modified organisms are regularized by law. In Sweden, the legal responsibility for gene technology is divided between several authorities.

The Swedish Chemicals Agency is responsible for testing those micro-organisms, as well as nematodes, insects and arachnids, which are genetically modified.

This responsibility comprises:

  • deliberate release into the environment
  • products which contain or consist of genetically modified micro-organisms, nematodes, arachnids and insects and are placed on the market.

Issues regarding gene technology which concern other genetically modified organisms, such as plants, feed, aquatic organisms and medicinal products, are the responsibility of other agencies.

Distribution of responsibilities between different authorities.

The distribution of responsibility between different authorities. 

Rules regarding GMO within the area/scope of practice of the Swedish Chemicals Agency

Consolidated text

Directive 2001/18/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 March 2001 on the deliberate release into the environment of genetically modified organisms and repealing Council Directive 90/220/EEC.

Amendments

All amendments to the GMO Directive are accessible in EUR-Lex.

Basic directive

Directive 2001/18/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 March 2001 on the deliberate release into the environment of genetically modified organisms and repealing Council Directive 90/220/EEC.

Implemented through Swedish legislation

Chapter 13 of the Environmental Code (1998:808) on genetic engineering
(in Swedish).

Regulation (2002:1086) on release of genetically modified organisms into the environment (in Swedish).

Chapter 7 of the Swedish Chemicals Agency’s Regulations (KIFS 2008:2) on chemical products and biotechnical organisms 
(in Swedish)

The Swedish Gene Technology Advisory Board is a Government authority with the task to monitor developments in the field of gene technology at a national as well as an international level. Here, you may find information about other regulations concerning GMO as well as information about the other authorities also responsible for the GMO.

Go to the Swedish Gene Technology Advisory Board’s website.